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Legal Notice

What is copyright? Copyright is a form of protection grounded in the U.S. Constitution and granted by law for original works of authorship fixed in a tangible medium of expression.  Copyright covers both published and unpublished works.

What does copyright protect? Copyright, a form of intellectual property law, protects original works of authorship including literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works, such as poetry, novels, movies, songs, computer software, and architecture.  Copyright does not protect facts, ideas, systems, or methods of operation, although it may protect the way these things are expressed. 

How is a copyright different from a patent or a trademark? Copyright protects original works of authorship, while a patent protects inventions or discoveries.  Ideas and discoveries are not protected by the copyright law, although the way in which they are expressed may be.  A trademark protects words, phrases, symbols, or designs identifying the source of the goods or services of one party and distinguishing them from those of others.

When is my work protected?
 Your work is under copyright protection the moment it is created and fixed in a tangible form that it is perceptible either directly or with the aid of a machine ordevice.

Do I have to register with your office to be protected? No.  In general, registration is voluntary.  Copyright exists from the moment the work is created.  You will have to register, however, if you wish to bring a lawsuit for infringement of a U.S. work. 

Why should I register my work if copyright protection is automatic?Registration is recommended for a number of reasons. Many choose to register their works because they wish to have the facts of their copyright on the public record and have a certificate of registration.  Registered works may be eligible for statutory damages and attorney's fees in successful litigation.  Finally, if registration occurs within 5 years of publication, it is considered prima facie evidence in a court of law.  

Is my copyright good in other countries? The United States has copyright relations with most countries throughout the world, and as a result of these agreements, we honor each other's citizens' copyrights.  However, the United States does not have such copyright relationships with every country. 

Can I copyright my website? The original authorship appearing on a website may be protected by copyright.  This includes writings, artwork, photographs, and other forms of authorship protected by copyright.

Can I copyright my domain name? Copyright law does not protect domain names. The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), a nonprofit organization that has assumed the responsibility for domain name system management, administers the assignation of domain names through accredited registers.

Does my work have to be published to be protected ? Publication is not necessary for copyright protection.

How long does a copyright last? The term of copyright for a particular work depends on several factors, including whether it has been published, and, if so, the date of first publication.  As a general rule, for works created after January 1, 1978, copyright protection lasts for the life of the author plus an additional 70 years.  For an anonymous work, a pseudonymous work, or a work made for hire, the copyright endures for a term of 95 years from the year of its first publication or a term of 120 years from the year of its creation, whichever expires first.  For works first published prior to 1978, theterm will vary depending on several factors. 

Do I have to renew my copyright? No.  Works created on or after January 1, 1978, are not subject to renewal registration. As to works published or registered prior to January 1, 1978, renewal registration is optional after 28 years but does provide certain legal advantages.